Mahatma Gandhi drawing

Item type: Drawing Date: 1931 Description: Drawing of Mohandas “Mahatma” Gandhi drawn by Peggy Smith in 1931. On loan from the Commonweal Collection. Known as “Mahatma” (Great Spirit), Gandhi was born at Porbandar in north-western India in 1869. After studying law in London he gave up legal practice and moved to South Africa, where he worked for Indian rights. On his return to India he was active in the campaign for home rule or “Swaraj” and became a leading figure in the movement during the 1920s. In 1930 he launched a peaceful civil disobedience campaign “Satyagraha”, which translates as ‘holding to truth’ or ‘truth force’. He was arrested for leading a 200-mile march to the sea to collect salt in defiance of a government monopoly. On his release he renewed his civil disobedience with a series of protest fasts. He was arrested several more times, including an occasion in 1942 when he was accused of obstructing the war effort. After the war he held talks with the British over a new form of government for India. When independence was eventually granted in May 1947 it led to much violence between Hindus and Muslims. Gandhi fasted for Hindu-Muslim friendship, but on 30th January 1948 he was assassinated by a Hindu fanatic. Image DSCF9228.jpg

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